UNESCO's Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC)
The Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO promotes international cooperation and coordinates programmes in marine observations and research, conservation and protection of the marine environment, hazard mitigation and capacity development in order to understand and effectively manage the resources of the ocean and coastal areas. By applying this knowledge the Commission aims to improve the governance, management, institutional capacity, and decision-making processes of its Member States with respect to marine resources and climate variability, and to foster sustainable development of the marine environment, particularly in developing countries.
On a regional level the IOC coordinates the development of tsunami early warning and mitigation systems in the Pacific, the Indian Ocean, the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean, and the Caribbean. The Commission also facilitates interagency coordination through the UN-Oceans mechanism and works with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in establishing a process for global reporting and assessment of the state of the marine environment. Through the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS)—the ocean component of the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS)—the IOC helps improve operational oceanography, weather and climate forecasts and monitoring and support the sustained observing needs of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).