Europe Region: Ukraine and affected countries – Appeal n° MGR65002 – Immediate response strategy: March 12, 2022 – Ukraine

Preliminary funding need from IFRC: 100 million francs
To help: 2,000,000 people
Federation-wide preliminary funding requirement: CHF 500 million


Severity of humanitarian conditions

Ukraine faces a humanitarian crisis which continues to grow every day. As hostilities escalate, increasing numbers of people are being displaced within Ukraine and across international borders every day, with 2 million who fled the country. Between February 24 and March 8, 2022, OCHA recorded 1,424 civilian casualties, including 516 recorded deaths. The real human cost of the crisis is probably much higher.

Significant damage to infrastructure due to military activity has impacted crucial supply chains and restricted access to vital services and goods in many parts of Ukraine, with a heavier impact on the central and eastern part of the country and sporadic damage in the western part, which to date is less affected by the ongoing hostilities. Critical medical supplies are becoming increasingly scarce, including medicines and oxygen, putting increasing pressure on an already weak healthcare system. Livelihoods are also severely affected and the next planting season is likely to fail, threatening food security in the coming year and driving up global food prices, as Ukraine is a major agricultural exporter. Large-scale displacement of people and sheltering in close quarters also increases the risk of further spread of COVID-19. Getting aid to affected parts of the country requires a dynamic approach that can adapt to the ever-changing situation and level of accessibility.

Ukrainian men between the ages of 18 and 60 are prohibited from leaving the country, which means that people crossing the borders are mainly women, children, the elderly, people with disabilities and other groups facing different forms of vulnerabilities and risks. The most urgent needs identified by the rapid needs assessments for people on the move include food assistance, additional reception centres, WASH materials, legal assistance, mental health and psychosocial support and the provision of humanitarian assistance to people waiting to cross borders.

The affected population faces different challenges depending on where they are:

  1. The people of Ukraine, including displaced persons, host communities and those sheltered there. Millions of people are directly affected by the conflict in Ukraine, and an estimated four million people are internally displaced, as well as the widespread destruction of homes and settlements.

  2. people in motion, both inside and outside Ukraine. Many are unable to access their basic needs, including food, water, shelter and sanitation.

  3. People in neighboring countries and beyond who face short-term difficulties in terms of basic needs, as well as medium and long-term socio-economic risks and recovery needs. Protracted displacement is a likely scenario, with long-term recovery and integration needs.

The evolution of the crisis has been greeted with an unprecedented level of global solidarity, in the societies directly affected by the population movement, but also beyond.

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