As the country enters its seventh year of conflict, nearly two-thirds of the Yemeni population is in need of humanitarian assistance and around 4 million people are internally displaced. The continuing conflict has compounded existing vulnerabilities by threatening civilian lives, damaging critical infrastructure and pushing an estimated 81% of Yemenis below the poverty line. Sharp swings in exchange rates have driven up market prices in large parts of the country, leaving many people unable to meet their basic needs. Some of those most affected by the deteriorating security and economic situation are migrants crossing into Yemen hoping to access better economic opportunities in the Gulf region. More than 100,000 highly vulnerable migrants need specialist support in Yemen.
In response to these widespread needs of the Yemeni crisis, OM is defining its response strategy for 2021/2022 to guide its integrated approach and implementation of humanitarian programming and stabilization efforts in ways that mitigate risk, ensure efficiency and to respect humanitarian principles. |OM Yemen adopts a multi-sector, needs-based and area-based approach to effectively respond to the greatest vulnerabilities across Yemen by directly implementing its humanitarian and transitional recovery assistance. The Strategy’s needs-based approach relies on its independent assessments to inform and review each intervention against the realities of IOM’s capacity and context. Its area-based approach focuses on response efforts in strategic locations where IOM can scale up its responsible humanitarian programming. In addition, the strategy also aims to expand Emergency Preparedness and Response (EPnR) operations to provide rapid assistance to communities affected by conflict and shocks.
IOM Yemen prioritizes three main strategic objectives of its programming which are critical to saving and sustaining lives and building resilience in Yemen. These objectives include:
Meeting the vital needs of individuals and communities through the provision of frontline multi-sectoral assistance
Strengthen the resilience of individuals and communities through the restoration of basic services and infrastructure, better access to income-generating activities, socio-economic integration and capacity building opportunities
Promote community stability by addressing drivers of conflict at the local level