YAKUTSK, January 21. /TASS correspondent Dmitry Osipov/. The implementation of the federal strategy for the development of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation until 2035 will radically reform the northern supply mechanism, Yakutia authorities and experts told TASS.
In October 2020, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a strategy for the development of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation until 2035. Among its priorities are – a higher standard of living and increased support for people living in the Arctic. One direction is to modernize the northern supply system. In February 2023, a draft law on northern supply will be presented to the State Duma.
“Implementation of the federal strategy is aimed at a radical upgrade of the northern supply system to improve logistics and the quality of transported goods. Higher living standards in the North are impossible without investments in a big upgrade to this system,” the Yakut leader said. said Elena Golomareva, parliamentary committee on the small indigenous peoples of the North and the Arctic.
According to Yakutia Minister for Arctic Development and Northern Peoples’ Affairs Vladimir Chernogradsky, the federal strategy is aimed at the regulatory, economic and technological aspects of the supply mechanism. The prerequisite for the implementation of most Arctic projects is the development of the Northern Sea Route and the development of its coastal infrastructure.
“The national plan includes the construction and reconstruction of regional and interregional automobile roads. On the agenda is the construction of the road from Yana to the border of Yakutia with the Chukotka region,” the minister said. . “We are focused on regulating and funding the construction of seasonal winter roads.” The plan also pays special attention to the development of regional aviation services, he added.
Retail prices in the Arctic settlements of Yakutia remain 2-3 times higher than in other districts of the region. Residents have to spend about half of their income on food. Sometimes even supplies of vital products can be unreliable. According to experts, only some government involvement can improve the situation.
According to the vice-president of the Northeastern Federal University and member of the Public Council of the Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation, Alexander Kugayevsky, before 1991, summer supplies were a combination of activities aimed at planning, organize, manage and strictly control the preparations, accumulation and transport of material resources and goods for the inhabitants of the remote northern regions.
“Supply planning started in November of the previous year, and from January began the movement of resources and goods for the northern regions,” he said. “The organizational procedure included the preparation of all means of transport, lines of communication, warehouses and their precise cooperation in the campaign. When navigation on the rivers and sea passages of the North opened up, all Commodity flows began to move to the far northern districts in accordance with a certain schedule.”
Such an approach guaranteed full and timely deliveries of all goods, as well as affordable prices, and excluded losses and high costs of delivery and seasonal storage. “In the current conditions, first of all, we need to have a state policy to ensure the supply of vital products and medicines to the districts of the Russian Federation, where transport options are limited in time,” the official said. ‘expert. “The policy should describe approaches to quality of life in the North and in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation.”
These approaches should be used in working on a concept of state support and organization of guaranteed vital food and medical supplies to people in districts with limited transport options.
“Both documents must be legally reflected in the planning, organization and supply management regulations of the North,” the scientist said. “The document is to propose rules for state incentives and regulations for cooperation among northern procurement participants.”
Reforms in Yakutia
Yakutia’s parliament reports that the region funds only 15% of northern supplies. The rest of the funding comes from small and medium-sized enterprises, which receive no subsidy to offset transport costs. Yakutia has taken some steps to reform the system. The reform started from the food supply of the Arctic population. According to Governor Aisen Nikolayev, by 2024 the region will open trade logistics centers in all Arctic districts.
The trade-logistics center construction program began in 2019. The region merged Yakutopttorg (with its stores and warehouses) and Tuimaada-Agrosnab (with its fleet and vehicles). Both companies had similar functions and were involved in supplying Arctic regions.
Due to the construction of trade logistics centers in Abuisky and Ust-Yansky districts of Yakutia, prices for basic food products have fallen by 20-25% compared to 2019. The centers are equipped to store fruit and vegetables, they have deep-freezing facilities, hot warehouses and catchment areas.
Summer Supplies Bill
Earlier, Russia’s Far Eastern and Arctic Development Minister Alexey Chekunov told reporters that the main task of the bill is to ensure safety of life, health and better conditions. of living for the people living in these districts, and to offer a comprehensive system of state incentives for the companies participating in the supply of the North.
The new legal act is expected to list responsibilities at all levels regarding the control of supplies, including those of shift workers and special host cities, which are beyond the control of local governments.
The bill should provide procedures to purchase the goods for future supplies, to transport, handle, store and sell the goods at prices local people can afford, the minister added.